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Welcome to the documentation for Fleet, the lightweight management platform for laptops and servers.

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Commands

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Commands

In Fleet you can run MDM commands to take action on your macOS and Windows hosts, like restarting the host, remotely.

Custom commands

You can run custom commands and view a specific command's results using the fleetctl command-line interface.

To run a custom command, we will do the following steps:

  1. Create a .xml with the request payload
  2. Choose a target host
  3. Run the command using fleetctl
  4. View our command's results using fleetctl

Step 1: Create an XML file

You can run any command supported by Apple's MDM protocol or Microsoft's MDM protocol.

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The lock and wipe commands are only available in Fleet Premium

For example, to restart a macOS host, we'll use the "Restart a Device" command documented by Apple here.

First, we'll need to create a restart-device.xml file locally with this payload:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
<plist version="1.0">
<dict>
    <key>Command</key>
    <dict>
        <key>RequestType</key>
        <string>RestartDevice</string>
    </dict>
</dict>
</plist>

To restart a Windows host, we'll use the "Reboot" command documented by Microsoft here.

The restart-device.xml file will have this payload instead:

<Exec>
  <Item>
    <Target>
      <LocURI>./Device/Vendor/MSFT/Reboot/RebootNow</LocURI>
    </Target>
    <Meta>
      <Format xmlns="syncml:metinf">null</Format>
      <Type>text/plain</Type>
    </Meta>
    <Data></Data>
  </Item>
</Exec>

Step 2: Choose a target host

To run a command, we need to specify a target host by hostname.

  1. Run the fleetctl get hosts --mdm command to get a list of hosts that are enrolled to Fleet and have MDM turned on.
  2. Find your target host's hostname. You'll need this hostname to run the command.

Step 3: Run the command

  1. Run the fleetctl mdm run-command --payload=restart-device.xml --hosts=hostname command.
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Replace the --payload and --hosts flags with your XML file and hostname respectively.

  1. Look at the on-screen information. In the output you'll see the command to see results.

Step 4: View the command's results

  1. Run the fleetctl get mdm-command-results --id=<insert-command-id>
  2. Look at the on-screen information.

List recent commands

You can view a list of the 1,000 latest commands:

  1. Run fleetctl get mdm-commands
  2. View the list of latest commands, most recent first, along with the timestamp, targeted hostname, command type, execution status and command ID.

The command ID can be used to view command results as documented in step 4 of the previous section.

The possible statuses for macOS hosts are the following:

  • Pending: the command has yet to run on the host. The host will run the command the next time it comes online.
  • NotNow: the host responded with "NotNow" status via the MDM protocol: the host received the command, but couldn’t execute it. The host will try to run the command the next time it comes online.
  • Acknowledged: the host responded with "Acknowledged" status via the MDM protocol: the host processed the command successfully.
  • Error: the host responded with "Error" status via the MDM protocol: an error occurred. Run the fleetctl get mdm-command-results --id=<insert-command-id to view the error.
  • CommandFormatError: the host responded with "CommandFormatError" status via the MDM protocol: a protocol error occurred, which can result from a malformed command. Run the fleetctl get mdm-command-results --id=<insert-command-id to view the error.

The possible statuses for Windows hosts are documented in Microsoft's documentation here.

Did we miss anything?

If you notice something we've missed or could be improved on, please follow this link and submit a pull request to the Fleet repo.

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